In this area, placed between the Reno and Setta rivers, there was a partisan brigade called the “Red Star”. After the Allies “destruction” of the first Gothic Line, the Germans stopped on these hills and, in September 1944, organized a strong battle against partisans and people who helped them.
The Germans were headed by SS major Walter Reder: the hell started on September 29th in the morning and lasted some days.
Partisans were decimated and civilians were massacred. Most of them were women, old people and children. Many churches were burnt. This massacre is known as the “Marzabotto bloodshed”. It’s almost impossible to define the precise number of deaths: there were between 800 and 1000 victims. Monte Sole Memorial, which is inside the park, remembers these tragic events.